Health Safety And Environment Essay In Hindi

Environment, health and safety (EHS) is a discipline and specialty that studies and implements practical aspects of environmental protection and safety at work. In simple terms it is what organizations must do to make sure that their activities do not cause harm to anyone.

Regulatory requirements play an important role in EHS discipline and EHS managers must identify and understand relevant EHS regulations, the implications of which must be communicated to executive management so the company can implement suitable measures. Organisations based in the United States are subject to EHS regulations in the Code of Federal Regulations, particularly CFR 29, 40, and 49. Still, EHS management is not limited to legal compliance and companies should be encouraged to do more than is required by law, if appropriate.[1]

From a health & safety standpoint, it involves creating organized efforts and procedures for identifying workplace hazards and reducing accidents and exposure to harmful situations and substances. It also includes training of personnel in accident prevention, accident response, emergency preparedness, and use of protective clothing and equipment.

From an environmental standpoint, it involves creating a systematic approach to complying with environmental regulations, such as managing waste or air emissions all the way to helping site's reduce the company's carbon footprint.

Successful HSE programs also include measures to address ergonomics, air quality, and other aspects of workplace safety that could affect the health and well-being of employees and the overall community.

Other names[edit]

HSE goes by a number of acronyms which may exclude environment or include security and quality.[2]

AcronymNameGroup
OHSOccupational health and safetyOccupational health and safety
HSEHealth, safety and environmentHealth, safety and environment
EHS / EH&SEnvironment, health and safety
SHESafety, health and environment
QHSEQuality, health, safety, and environmentQuality, health, safety, and environment
HSEQHealth, safety, environment and quality
HSSEHealth, safety, security and environmentHealth, safety, security and environment
QHSSEQuality, health, safety, security, and environmentQuality, health, safety, security, and environment
HSSEQHealth, safety, security, environment, and quality

Regulatory agencies[edit]

See also: Occupational safety and health - National legislation and public organizations

United States[edit]

  • Federal / international
    • Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA)
    • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
    • Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)
    • Mining Safety & Health Administration (MSHA), etc.
    • European Union (EU standards) – Health & Safety At Work Act
  • State
    • Safety & Health Council of North Carolina, Massachusetts Nuclear Regulatory Commission, etc.
  • Local
    • Municipal fire departments (building code inspections)
    • Environmental Management Agency (EMA)

General categories[edit]

EHS guidelines cover categories specific to each industry as wells as those that are general to most industry sectors. Examples of general categories and subcategories are:

1. Environmental
1.1 Air emissions and ambient air quality

1.2 Energy conservation

1.3 Wastewater and ambient water quality

1.4 Water conservation

1.5 Hazardous materials management

1.6 Waste management

1.7 Noise

1.8 Contaminated land

2. Occupational health and safety
2.1 General facility design and operation

2.2 Communication and training

2.3 Physical hazards

2.4 Chemical hazards

2.5 Biological hazards

2.6 Radiological hazards

2.7 Personal protective equipment (PPE)

2.8 Special hazard environments

2.9 Monitoring

3. Community health and safety
3.1 Water quality and availability

3.2 Structural safety of project infrastructure

3.3 Life and fire safety (L&FS)

3.4 Traffic safety

3.5 Transport of hazardous materials

3.6 Disease prevention

3.7 Emergency preparedness and response

4. Construction and decommissioning
4.1 Environment

4.2 Occupational health and safety

4.3 Community health and safety

Specific categories[edit]

See also: Occupational safety and health -By industry

History[edit]

The chemical industry introduced the first formal EHS management approach in 1985 as a reaction to several catastrophic accidents (like the Seveso disaster of July 1976 and the Bhopal disaster of December 1984). This worldwide voluntary initiative, called "Responsible Care", started by the Chemistry Industry Association of Canada (formerly the Canadian Chemical Producers' Association - CCPA), operates in about 50 countries, with central coordination provided by the International Council of Chemical Associations (ICCA). It involves eight fundamental features which ensure plant and product safety, occupational health and environmental protection, but which also try to demonstrate by image-building campaigns that the chemical industry acts in a responsible manner. Being an initiative of the ICCA, it is restricted to the chemical industry.

Since the 1990s, general approaches to EHS management that may fit any type of organisation have appeared in international standards such as:

In 1998 the International Finance Corporation established EHS guidelines.

Example[edit]

As a typical[quantify] example, the activities of a health, safety and environment (HSE) working group might focus on:[3]

  • exchange of know-how regarding health, safety and environmental aspects of a material
  • promotion of good working practices, such as post-use material collection for recycling

Publications[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^Kavianian, Hamid R. "Occupational and Environmental Safety Engineering and Management", Van Norstrand Reinhold Company, New York (1990), ISBN 0-442-23822-3
  2. ^"H&S, OHS, HSE, HSSE, HSSEQ, HSSEQ/CSR … Alphabet Soupization". Redlog Environmental Ltd. 2016-03-14. Retrieved 2016-06-08. 
  3. ^Compare: TEPPFA. "Structure of Working Groups & Application Groups". TEPPFA, The European Plastic Pipes and Fittings Association. Retrieved 2016-07-19.  
  4. ^"United States Department of Labor". United States Department of Labor. Retrieved 2017-04-07. 
  5. ^"Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety". Retrieved November 4, 2017. 
  6. ^"EHS Today". EHS Today. Retrieved 2017-04-07. 
  7. ^"What you need to Know to Prepare Your Organization for Electrical Compliance". Safety+Health Magazine. Retrieved 2017-04-07. 
  8. ^"Environmental Leader Is Your Source For Energy, Environmental & Sustainability News". Environmental Leader. Retrieved 2017-04-07. 
  9. ^"Safety and health at work - EU-OSHA". osha.europa.eu. Retrieved 2017-04-07. 
  10. ^"ISHN.com - the magazine for safety & health professionals who direct safety & health programs in high-hazard workplaces". www.ishn.com. Retrieved 2017-04-07. 
  11. ^"CDC - The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)". www.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2017-04-07. 
  12. ^"Occupational Health & Safety". Occupational Health & Safety Online. Retrieved 2017-04-07. 

दोस्तों हर साल दुनिया भर के लोग 5 जून को विश्व पर्यावरण दिवस – World Environment Day के रूप में मनाते हैं। हमने कभी जाना हैं की इस दिवस को हम क्यों मनाते हैं। इस दिन का जश्न मनाने के पीछे का उद्देश्य लोगों के बीच जागरूकता पैदा करना है ताकि पर्यावरण की सुरक्षा के लिए सकारात्मक कदम उठा सकें। बच्चों के स्कूल के निबंध लेखन प्रतियोगिता में मदद करने के लिए पर्यावरण पर निबंध – Environment Essay हम लाये हैं। ताकि आपके बच्चे को प्रतियोगिता में आसानी हो सकें।

पर्यावरण पर निबंध – Environment Essay

एक शांतिपूर्ण और स्वस्थ जीवन जीने के लिए एक स्वच्छ वातावरण बहुत जरूरी है लेकिन हमारे पर्यावरण मनुष्यों की कुछ लापरवाही के कारण दिन में गंदे हो रहा है। यह एक ऐसा मुद्दा है जिसे सभी को विशेष रूप से हमारे बच्चों के बारे में पता होना चाहिए।

“पर्यावरण की रक्षा, दुनियाँ की सुरक्षा!”

माना जाता है कि हमारी धरती ही ब्रह्मांड में एकमात्र ऐसा ग्रह है जिसमें जीवन अस्तित्व के लिए आवश्यक वातावरण है। पृथ्वी पर जीवन को संभव बनाने वाली सभी प्राकृतिक चीजें जैसे पानी, हवा, धूप, भूमि, अग्नि, जंगल, जानवर, पौधे शामिल हैं।

पर्यावरण के बिना हम यहाँ जीवन का कल्पना भी नहीं कर सकते हैं इसलिए हमें अपने पर्यावरण को सुरक्षित और स्वच्छ रखना चाहिए। यह दुनिया के हर व्यक्ति की ज़िम्मेदारी है। हर किसी को आगे आकर पर्यावरण सुरक्षा के लिए अभियान में शामिल होना चाहिए।

मनुष्य धरती पर प्रकृति द्वारा बनाए गए सबसे बुद्धिमान प्राणी के रूप में माना जाता है, इसलिए उसे ब्रह्मांड में उन चीजों को जानने की बहुत उत्सुकता है जो उसे तकनीकी उन्नति की तरफ़ ले जाए।

हर किसी के जीवन में इस तरह की तकनीकी प्रगति ने धरती पर जीवन को दिन-दिन खतरे में डाल दिया और हमारा पर्यावरण धीरे-धीरे नष्ट हो रहा है। यहां तक कि यह मनुष्य, पशु, पौधों और अन्य जीवित चीजों के स्वास्थ्य खराब असर होना शुरू हो गया है। जैसे हानिकारक रसायनों का उपयोग करके कृत्रिम रूप से खेती करके हम जो दैनिक अनाज खाने खाते हैं। औद्योगिक कंपनियों के धुएं से रोज प्राकृतिक हवा को प्रदूषित किया जाता है जो हमारे स्वास्थ्य को काफी हद तक नुकसानदायक है क्योंकि हम इसे हर पल में सांस लेते हैं।

ऐसे व्यस्त, भीड़ भरे और उन्नत जीवन में हमें इस प्रकार की छोटी बुरी आदतों पर हररोज ध्यान रखना चाहिए। हमें प्राकृतिक संसाधनों का उपयोग केवल हमारी स्वार्थ के लिए गलत तरीके से नहीं करना चाहिए और हमारी विनाशकारी इच्छाओं को पूरा नहीं करना चाहिए। हमें अपने जीवन की उन्नति के लिए विज्ञान और प्रौद्योगिकियों को विकसित करना और विकसित करना चाहिए, लेकिन हमेशा यह सुनिश्चित करना चाहिए कि भविष्य में हमारे पर्यावरण को वैसे भी बर्बाद नहीं करेगा।

दोस्तों, एक बात हमेशा याद रखे की जबतक हम खुद पर्यावरण प्रदुषण की रोकथाम के लिये कोई कदम नही उठाते तबतक हम इस समस्या को दूर नही कर सकते.

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